People often mistake bed bug bites to be of fleas or mosquitoes. This ignorance eventually leads to heavy bed bug infestation in a short period.  Knowing the physical features of a bed bug thus becomes important when there is suspicion of presence of bedbugs at home.  It is also prudent to know the differences between flea and bedbug to determine the right approach to take control over them.

What does a bed bug look like?

Bed bugs are tiny dark-brown insects often found on mattress, corners, crevice of the house, furniture, curtains, etc.  They do not fly and are the size of the poppy seed and have a waxy cover as protection. Baby bed bugs are smaller and pale whitish yellow, in color. It is almost impossible to see the babies when they first hatch out of the eggs, due to its tiny size. The bed bug eggs are also difficult to spot since they are pin sized. Adult bed bugs are about ¼ inch and are oval shaped. The color of the mature bed bug differs and depends on whether the bug has had a meal or not. The starved bed bugs look flat and brown in color. The shape, color and the size of the bed bug changes after the feeding.  It turns into an elongated and reddish-brown insect. The bed bug returns to its original shape, size and color, once digests the meal.

Molted skin

Molting is a process in which the bed bug (in its infant stages) sheds its skin before it becomes an adult bedbug.  It is easier to find the shed skin at the infestation site. The molted skin appears like an empty shell, which looks very similar to the shape and size of the bed bug. A bed bug, on an average sheds its skin five times during its life cycle. Again, the size and shape of the molted skin differ and this depends on the current life stage of the bed bug. Headboards, wall corners, baseboards, cupboards and mattress seams are some of the places to check for shed skins.

Fecal spots

The excreted waste of the bed bug is often black, in color. The fecal spots are found in groups and in areas such as carpet edges, headboard, behind picture frame, curtain rods and electrical boards.  The fecal spots look similar to the excretory waste of cockroaches.  One must take other bed bug indications also into consideration before confirming the site as bedbug infestation.

How does a bed bug bite look?

Though the bed bug bite is very similar to that of a flea or a mosquito, the bedbug bite has a distinct pattern.  They often bite multiple times in a row. People often mistake this pattern to be an allergic reaction. A bed bug bite does not have a red dot in the center, unlike a flea bite. The bites leave red hard bumps on the skin. They bite all over the body triggering reactions such as extreme itching and inflammation.

The first step to eliminating the problem of having bed bugs is to be able to identify the little critters; however, bed bugs are quite difficult to identify, and they are generally mistaken for small dust and dirt particles that have also accumulated on the sheets and the bed. Those wondering what do bed bugs look like will want to take special note of the dust particles that are on their bed.

For one, bed bugs are small oval critters that have a flattened body, and no wings. The exterior of their shells are lined with small hairs, and they also have a waxy covering that is supposedly used for protection. They are generally brown in color; however, after their first sip of human blood, they acquire a reddish-brown tint to them that remains. The body of the bed bug will also swell up upon consuming blood. While they vary in size and are generally quite small, most professional exterminators would describe them as small apple pits.

Wherever there are bed bugs, there are always eggs around, and eggs are one of the main object that needs to be exterminated immediately. Eggs have a waxy covering that is resistant to chemicals, and the nymphs will hatch from the eggs regardless of whether the parents are around. Eggs are small, white eggs, and the newly born bed bug nymphs are a light beige color and also translucent. They will begin to acquire color as they mature.

Bed bugs have a multi-segmented shell, and they also have long antennas and a sharp beak that has similar properties to a needle as it is used to pierce through the skin and into the veins and arteries. They have six small legs extending from the body which seems to have a rough appearance due to the microscopic hairs that are extending out. The body is the largest proportion of the bed bugs and are the easiest to identify. The head is a lot smaller than the body.

Bed bugs are commonly mistaken for other small critters, and those wondering what do bed bugs look like will want to consider examining the critters to see if any wings are present. The mature bed bugs are devoid of wings, and while they may look similar to flies and other small bugs, they cannot fly. This is usually the factor that is easiest to identify.

Bed bugs are most commonly found in hotels, and they may even migrate into homes. They are extremely difficult to exterminate, and they have high reproduction rates. Anyone experiencing any itchiness after a good night’s sleep should highly checking the crevices and under the mattress for bed bugs. They are extremely small and they love to hide in small spaces which make them hard to identify. By being able to identify bed bugs, the first part of the problem is solved. Remember to not only target the bed bugs, but also their eggs as well in order to permanently solve the problem.

What are Bed Bugs

Bed mites or as they are commonly called bed bugs have seen there most dramatic increase in memory. Since 2001, there has been an increase of over 70% in the new cases of bed bug infestations in homes, hotels, and office buildings.

What Are Bed Bugs and What do They Look Like?

bed bug What are Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are tiny parasitic insects that feed upon the blood of warm-blooded mammals including humans. Bed bugs formal name isCimicidae“, but are typically refered to as “bed bugs“. likely based upon where they like to sleep and feed, which is in a humans bed.

Bed bugs look like different depending upon their stage of life and if they have fed recently, or not. An adult bed bug, grows to the length of four to five millimeters and 2 to three millimeters wide, slightly larger than the flea. The color of the bed bug changes as it ages, it begins life translucent and turns reddish-brown as it ages.

What Caused the Bed Bug Epidemic

bed bug graph What are Bed Bugs

In the 1950′s, bed bugs were nearly extinct in the United States and other developed countries. A major change in the extermination business is likely the cause of the bed bug comeback. Less chemicals/poisons are used today in pest control. Eco-friendly live traps and chemicals that are not as hazardous to health are now being used.

The above changes as well as increased worldwide travel, larger populations living together, bed bugs becoming tolerant to pesticides, infestation is hard to spot, and increased use of second-hand merchandise.

Effects of Bed Bugs

Bed bugs do not spread disease, they do have other physical and psychological effects on their victims however. When bed bugs feed they will typically feed more than once in a night, this creates multiple bite marks which are normally in a row or cluster. These bites give the appearance of a bed bugs rash, if left untreated the bite marks will clear on their own.

Pictures of bed bug bites , bed bug rashes, and bed bugs in their different life cycle stages can be found here.

The psychological effects of bed bugs can be worse than the physical effects. Knowing that you are sleeping with bed bugs can make it difficult to sleep. Feelings of being attacked in bed are common. Victims of bed bugs may even choose not to sleep in their beds or homes.

Bed Bugs Treatment

bed bug spray What are Bed Bugs

First a warning, getting rid of bed bugs is very difficult. It is however not impossible, if you can afford the money hiring a professional exterminator with an experience of treating bed bugs is your best option. Extermination prices will vary greatly upon where you live, level of infestation, and who you hire. Luckily, most extermination companies will give a free inspection and estimate before being hired.

To kill bed bugs yourself, you have few treatment options. The first thing that should be done is cover the beds in your homes with a bed bug mattress cover. This will prevent bed bugs from entering you mattress and will kill any bed bugs that inside.

Bed bugs spray that is formulated to specifically to kill bed bugs can be purchased at home stores and online at sites like Be careful if you have pets in your home, be sure to follow the directions and warnings on the spray before using.

When children or pets in the home it maybe best to try to kill bed bugs naturally without the use of harmful chemicals. Diatomaceous Earth is non toxic bed bug powder that is proven to kill insects and larvae and will not harm pets. It can even be fed to your pet to kill fleas.