What are Bed Bugs?

Bed bugs come in different varieties, the ones we are referring to are the ones that suck human blood.  If you have a bed bugs infestation more than likely you have some living in your bed mattress.  Theses bugs come out just before dawn and suck your blood while you lie sleeping.  These bites from bed bugs will usually occur once a week and sometimes they go without feeding from 6 months to 1 year.

Bed bugs can also be found in different places. But most often you will find them in your mattress; the box spring, the seams, and often the linens. But, they can be anywhere where people sleep, in furniture, in books, on the carpet, basically anywhere they can hide.

Bedbugs are tiny, evasive little parasitic insects that come from the family of Cimicidae.

Their main source of survival is by sucking human blood. Other warm-blooded animals can also fall victim to these tiny vampires. It got its name since it prefers to stay in houses, especially beds.

Bedbugs are not fully nocturnal creatures but they are usually active in the night. When the come out at night, they can feed on human blood and go unnoticed.

The most common type of bedbug is called Cimex Lectularius because it is able to easily adapt to human’s living environments. It can be found in climates with mild temperatures, without extremities in coldness or heat.

The way adult bedbugs look like is they are flattened and oval in shape, have no wings and are red-brownish in color. Lots of people think that bed bugs are not visible to the naked eye, that is not true because the adult bed bugs can grow to 0.5cm in length.

They can’t move quick enough for the sake of their lives, and that’s why they are more active in the night. Baby bedbugs are almost transparent in color and grow browner as they mature.

Bed bugs release pheromones and other type of hormones to communicate with one another about nest locations, attacks and mating activities. The life of a bedbug varies from species to species and are largely dependent on their feeding habits.

Bedbugs suck blood as a way of living. They are attracted to heat source of their hosts. The way it feeds on a human is by piercing the skin with its hollow feeding tubes. One of the tube releases saliva into the blood stream and the other sucks out the human’s blood.

It only feeds for around 5 minutes, then it will quickly return back to its hiding place. Because of the agents contained within its saliva, the bite cannot be felt until a period of time has passed.

Bed bugs bites usually result in a raised red bump and comes with a powerful itchy feeling. The red color comes from a reaction of human body towards the agents contained in the bug’s saliva. It is hard to differentiate a mosquito bite from a bed bug’s bite, but a bug’s bite usually lasts longer.

What Exactly Are Bedbugs?

Bedbugs are insects belonging to the Cimicidae family; this family of insects includes those which get their food by biting a warm-blooded animal host like humans. The insects in this family group are called parasites, because they need a host to feed off. Bedbugs have been known by several different names over time but the name of bedbug or bed bug refers to their preferred habitat of human’s houses, particularly the beds and surrounding furniture.

Before homes had proper sanitation, insect infestations were very common but bedbugs were usually associated with lower class establishments and homes in which they proliferated. However, it has been said that the homes of the wealthy were likely to be infested because they had warmer living conditions which the insects prefer.

Bed bugs were eliminated as common household pests during the 1940s, after the development of the strong pesticide, DDT, but they began to reappear in the late 1990s. These days, bedbugs are found predominantly in places with crowded sleeping quarters such as dormitories, military barracks, refugee camps and homeless shelters. Increased access to international travel, especially to third world countries, may also be responsible for the renewed activity and occurrence of the bedbug population in western countries.

Parasites like bed bugs are easily spread, usually unwittingly by their human hosts, via luggage, packaging and parcels. International travelers may bring bed bugs back home with them in their luggage, clothing or even on their person. People who have visited lower socio-economic areas may be more likely to have brought back these unwanted guests and should take some precautions to reduce the likelihood of introducing them into their own homes.

The insect is very small, between 1/8″ and ¼” in length. It is flat, oval in shape and red-brown in color. Bedbugs have no wings and so cannot fly although other members of the same family do have wings. The newly hatched bedbug egg is a translucent nymph which becomes darker in color when it moults.

Bedbugs are sometimes mistaken for carpet beetles, booklice and other household pests. You may need a bright light or a magnifying glass to be able to actually see bedbugs but often you can smell the secretion from their thorax region – it is a distinctive, overly-sweet smell.

One reason that bedbugs are able to multiply prolifically and are difficult to eradicate is their ability to survive in a wide range of climatic conditions. Temperatures from 61 degrees to 113 degrees Fahrenheit are no problem for these insect pests. They can remain dormant for up to 18 months, surviving without food for 12 months and without oxygen for 18 months. The lifespan of a bedbug depends on environmental conditions like food sources and nesting places, but they are able to grow to maturity in 4 weeks.

The bed bug’s main food source is human blood, although they may also feed on vermin like rates and mice. This is why bedbugs are often wrongly associated with unclean living conditions. In fact, bed bugs are not particular whether their living conditions are clean or dirty but unclean situations do seem to attract them in greater numbers. They are not particular about nationality or ethnicity either – bedbugs just need human hosts to feed on regardless of race or creed.

Most people become aware of the fact that there are bedbugs in their home when they have been bitten on the arms, neck and face during the night. Typically, there will be a row of small red lumps although these may also be scattered. The bites are painless but may be itchy; they could become infected if scratched and not treated. Some people are allergic to bedbug bites while others are not really bothered by them at all. However, bedbugs do have the ability to spread disease.

Learning About Bed Bugs:

Bedbugs are flat little tiny insects that can grow to only a size of an apple seed. Although bedbugs have the brownish shell that makes them look like some species of cockroaches, they are actually not attracted to dirty places.

They are brown in nature and can get a little reddish after they feast on human blood. Baby bed bugs are white in color and a little translucent. They are even harder to detect since they are almost the same color as white bed sheets and mattresses. It seems like these creatures really know how to adapt to human living environments.

Bed bugs aren’t limited to staying only in your bed. They can actually live anywhere in your house as long as it’s a dark protected area. They usually like small tiny wall cracks, floor cracks and even cracks in ceilings.

The bugs can travel solo, but if you spot one, it usually means there’s a colony leaving in your house. The worst thing about it is that they are hard to spot. So, you can’t exterminate something that you can’t find.

Bed bugs experts say that the infestations have certain odors. It is said that they have the smell of sweet, rotten berries. And some say the room will smell like almond.

However, bed bugs will leave small reddish or blackish stains on bed sheets. So if you ever spot such stains when you enter in a hotel room, report it to the management to request for a room change.

If they won’t entertain your request, consider blackmarking the hotel and change to another one. You wouldn’t want to have the frustration and annoyance of finding a bed bug infestation in your house weeks after you come back from vacation, do you?

One last thing you should know about bed bugs is that they are world travelers and they can hitch on anything you carry and start a new colony on new places that you arrive at.

Information On Bed Bugs:

Bed bugs are tiny insects that are red and brownish in color. They are nocturnal insects, which means that they are asleep during the day and are only active during the night. The dangerous part about bed bugs is that its primary food is human blood.

They are just like vampires, in forms of little bugs that are hard to detect. There survival instinct is strong so it is hard to not have blood sucked by them if they have already infested your house.

They are tiny creatures and it is hard to locate their hiding place. They are called bed bugs because they usually hide in one’s bed and their meals happen when you are asleep on your bed. Whenever you are bitten by a bed bug, you will feel that the affected area is itchy and it will form a reddish lump as well.

They are an annoyance since you always wake up feeling itchy on a new body part. They target any part of your exposed skin to get fresh blood for survival. To stop the activity of the bed bugs, you will definitely need to locate their hiding places so that you can control their feasting on you.

It is important to keep your bed clean to avoid bed bug bites. However, this is not easy as they are very tiny. The only way is to wash your bed sheets and blankets in very hot water. They can’t stand high temperatures so it is a good way to kill them.

Another alternative would be using a hair dryer and using the hottest temperature and blasting it all over your bed. The bed bugs may die but their body is still left in your bed. It will be hard to clear of the dead bodies though.

In order to find out if they are truly gone, you would just have to go to sleep and check your skin for itchiness the next day. If you spot big red blotches on your skin, it is a sign that there are still bed bugs roaming in your house.

Once this happens, you would need the help of bed bug products such as bedbug-proof bed sheets, bed bug spray killers and the different types of sprays.

The best bed bugs sprays are ones that are made naturally without any use of chemical. This is because you will be spraying your whole house with it. The last thing you want to do is clean your whole house that has stains of the spray and the odour.

Bed Bug Basics:

Listed below are some bed bug basics : It’s no wonder Bed Bug infestations are increasing. Once almost extinct, this pest was given a “Federal Pardon” back in the 1990’s when certain pesticides were banned for consumer use. That along with an increase in international travel and a Bed Bug’s ability to lay 32,000 eggs every six months gave these blood sucking pests a ‘ticket to ride’ and ride they do!

Now, in every major city worldwide, bringing home Bed Bugs is easier than ever before. All it takes is:

Staying in a hotel, going to the theater, riding on a bus, buying some new/used clothes, having visitors in your home or brushing against a stranger…the list is endless because Bed Bugs are professional hitch-hikers that  grow up quickly!

If you think you have bed bugs, or are exhibiting any of the symptoms (Grouped bites, itching red marks, mold spots on mattress, etc.) you can use the following tips to identify an infestation. If the problem exists, a pest control company needs to be contacted immediately to keep the infestation from getting worse.

Identifying an Infestation:

  1. Bed bug bites are the easiest way to find out if there is an infestation.
    • Bites will be grouped and very red
    • Bites will itch, but be sure to keep from itching them, or they will spread and worsen
    • Mattress Cracks
    • Holes
    • Folds in linens
    • Drapes / Curtains
    • Carpets
    • Blood Strains on Sheets
    • Cracks and Crevices
  2. Check for dead bugs in all of the previous places. Finding dead bed bugs is the first sign that they are actually present.
    • Bed bugs have been around throughout recorded history.
    • Female bed bugs can lay up to 5 eggs a day and 500 eggs during a life time.
    • Untreated one bed bug can turn into 32,000 bugs in just 6 months.
    • Bed Bugs can hide in cracks, crevices, and behind baseboards and molding. This can make them difficult to detect.
    • Treatments should include encasements for mattresses and box springs, heat, interceptors / climb ups on furniture legs, and non-toxic insecticides.

How Do Bed Bugs Work?

What do you think about sleeping in the middle of the night and having something steal your blood without you knowing? It sounds like fiction but it’s actually the activity of bed bugs.

They were largely exterminated from the US back in the 1950s. However, in recent years they have been spotted and are a growing annoyance in households. Their growth could be a result from the reduced use of DDT and an increase of international travel.

How does international travel affect the breeding of bed bugs? If a traveler stays in a place where there are bed bugs infestations, they could crawl and hide in his bags. So, when he reaches home, the bed bugs would crawl into his bed, infesting his house as well.

Bedbugs feed on humans and other animals like birds and bats too. They are given the name bed bugs because they feed on our blood when we are asleep. So, basically, the bed is their dinner table.

Their hiding area isn’t just limited to beds. Any area that can give them protection from sunlight and has cracks large enough for them to get in will be a nesting area for them. They can be anywhere from your couches, bed frames, wall cracks and ceiling cracks.

Adult bed bugs are only 0.5cm long and have a very flat body, so they can squeeze inside any crack easily. The younger bed bugs are harder to be seen by the naked eye though.

Bed bugs are oval in shaped and its outer shell is brown in color. But you will usually see a reddish color on their body because of the blood they have sucked. They work like a mosquito too, by inserting syringe-like tube extensions into human skin and sucking the blood. When it is sucking the blood, it will release its own saliva into the blood stream as well.

The bedbugs bites are rarely harmful except for the fact that you may scratch the itch till your skin gets ugly. It doesn’t transmit disease like some species of mosquitoes.

When an attack happens too many times to a person, he or she may have an allergy against the saliva of the bug. So, it may result in intense itchiness and swelling.

Where Do Bed Bugs Come From?

Bedbugs are usually associated with dirty living conditions and lower class housing but the fact is that bedbugs are not really fussy about the conditions of the houses they invade, just as long as there are warm-blooded animals living there. Bedbugs feed on the blood of the animals they bite; they live and breed in close proximity to where their hosts sleep. This is where the common name of bedbug comes from, because the parasite usually bites people and pets while they are sleeping.

Bedbugs were a common occurrence in past centuries when sanitation was poor and the importance of cleanliness was not understood. After disinfectants and insecticides were developed, especially DDT, in the 1940s, bedbugs became a thing of the past but they started to re-emerge during the mid 1990s. It is widely believed that the increase in international travel and the opening up of third world countries to international visitors is a major contributing factor for the return of the bedbug.

These days, bedbugs are most commonly found in places where lots of people sleep, like homeless shelters, holiday camps, military barracks, refugee camps, apartment buildings and hotels. It is from these places that bedbugs find their way into private homes, when the parasites hitch-hike a free ride home. Because bedbugs breed prolifically and grow to maturity in just four weeks, populations of the insect can reach epidemic proportions very quickly. You only need a few stray bedbugs, which find their way home with you, to start that epidemic.

Bedbugs can survive for long periods in adverse conditions, 12 months without food and 18 months without oxygen. They happily occupy any tight space and can be carried across the country and around the globe in furniture, on clothes, in luggage and on parcels and packages.

If you buy furniture from overseas, especially from a country with poor living conditions, you may be bringing in bedbugs. If you stay in a hotel room that has previously been occupied by a person who has been in a bedbug infested area, the insects can get onto your clothes or into your luggage for that free ride home with you. If someone sends you a parcel from a bedbug location, some insects could come in with those goods and find a good hiding place inside your home.

There are precautions you can take so that you limit the possibility of stray bedbugs infecting your house but if some do get in you need to know what you are looking for and where to look. Bedbugs are smaller than ¼”, red-brown in colour and a flat oval shape.

They are wingless and cannot fly so you will usually find their hiding places within a 100 foot radius of a bed. If you can slip a credit card into a crack, bedbugs could be hiding and nesting there. They appear to favor timber, leather and fabric over plastic and metal and will hide in any space that is dark and quiet.

The folds and edging of a mattress is a common place bedbugs can be found and once they are eliminated, a full-zippered mattress cover will prevent them taking up residence there again.Knowing where bedbugs come from is the first step in ensuring that you can keep your home and family free from these nasty little parasites.

Probably this is the most mysterious question when you talk about bed bugs. Eradicating them by natural ways or through chemicals is quite a known thing but where do exactly bed bugs come from? Bed bugs are present in whole world. Transportation is the biggest medium through which they generate and enter in our life. People who travel a lot or exchange clothes and things are the best bed bugs bearers. Infested households have bed bugs spread everywhere. You will be surprised to know that this is the only way that bed bugs come from along with getting multiplied by reproducing themselves. Bed bugs are easy travelers as they don’t know how to fly but are great crawlers. Transporting and traveling with humans, pets, things, furniture, and many more items. Being one of the friendliest parasite bed bugs come from anywhere near the building that is already infested or may travel in air as well as dusts.

How do bed bugs feed and reproduce?

Bed bugs are those tiny little creatures which eat you slowly on your bed. When you want to know about their lifestyle then it is important to know about two main things. First is how they feed and second is how they reproduce. Bed bugs are nocturnal army i.e. they are active during the night and sleep all day long. Their best food is human blood and they feed on them during wee hours of morning around 4:00 AM and before dawn. They have two hollow mouths, one secretes saliva that has anesthetics and the other mouth is used for sucking blood. After they are done sucking blood it is only then that we can feel that it is itching and swelled up. They reproduce at very higher rate. Laying approximately 300 eggs in one pregnancy, they deliver 5 eggs per day. These eggs can hatch on their own without their mother’s aid and are severely lightweight.

what can you do to manage bed bugs?

  • Reduce clutter to limit hiding places for bed bugs.
  • Thoroughly clean the infested rooms as well as others in the residence. 
  • Remove drawers from desks and dressers and turn furniture over, if possible, to inspect and clean all hiding spots.
  • Mattresses and box springs can be permanently encased within special mattress bags.
  • To prevent bed bugs from crawling onto a bed, pull the bed frame away from the wall, tuck sheets and blankets so they wont contact the floor, and place the frame legs into dishes or cups of mineral oil.
  • Caulk and seal all holes where pipes and wires penetrate walls and floor, and fill cracks around baseboards and cove moldings to further reduce harborages.
  • If you own your residence, we suggest you contact a licensed pest control operator who is knowledgeable and experienced in managing bed bug infestations.

What do you need to know about bed bugs?

Make no mistake about bed bugs lethal effects from the cartoon characters being portrayed on television. In real life, you would not find the amusing at all. Scientific name for bed bugs is Cimes Lectularius. At first, they will look like an apple seed and it is not possible to see their structure properly without magnifying glass. The most important secret about bed bugs is that they hate coming in light. They will only be active in the dark. In broad daylight they are like dead carcass. Another fact about bed bugs is that they cannot withstand extreme temperatures. Its too cold or too hot, bed bugs are not immune to the temperature wrath. This fact helps a lot in extracting them out of your house. Boric powder is harmful for them but it is not generally used as it is harmful for humans as well. Baking soda is the best home remedy for getting bed bugs out of your house in simple and easy mannerism. All these things you should know about bed bugs.

Myths About Bed Bugs:

If you have heard of how harmful bed bugs are, chances that those are actually myths that aren’t really true. If you are constantly traveling and your family is worried about you harmed by bed bugs, tell them about this article where we bust the myths about bed bugs.

The first myth about bed bugs is that hostels will definitely have bed bugs. This is not really true as it has not been proven with any statistical data before. In fact, it has been reported that high class hotels have bed bugs too.

However, the hotels’ management refuse to acknowledge the fact in fear that it will ruin their reputation. Bed bugs have actually disappeared for a long time until the ban of DDT came. Once DDT was not allowed to be used, bed bugs continue to grow and infest.

Hostels understand the risk of bed bugs infestations and do not allow personal sleeping bags or sleeping sacks for fear that you might bring some bed bugs from your home. Bagpacks can also be a place where bedbugs hide, so some hostels will prevent you from bringing in your backpacks into your dorm as well.

Myth number 2: Bed Bugs Transmit Disease

Although bed bugs suck blood and inject saliva like how mosquitoes do, they don’t carry any harmful disease. They only give you annoying itchiness on the areas they bite.

To identify a bed bugs bite, look for red bumps on your skin that itch intensely. When the bite happens during your sleep, you won’t be able to feel it until hours later.

According to Adam Health Center, you can wash a bed bug bite by using water and soap. Then apply ice on it and use a no-itch cream. If your bite gets infected and starts oozing colorish goo, it’s better to see a doctor.

Myth number 3:Only dirty place have bedbugs

This is untrue because bedbugs are not cockroaches. They may be disgusting since they hide from you in the day and stalk you to suck your blood at night.

Bed bugs will infest any new place where they get a chance to. This happens when they get to hitchike on your backpack or blankets. The cleanest hotels aren’t even safe from bedbugs if there are customers that bring in bed bugs.

How do bed bugs travel from one place to another?

Many people don’t understand that after terminating bed bugs from their house how do they again come back? This is quite evident that bed bugs are very tiny and lightweight and hence they can travel easily as getting attached to your body itself. They can travel in your luggage bags, furniture and other things. Crawling is the only way of movement they have. Not flying nor jumping. They just crawl and then at a higher height they even fall down. One of the best ways to catch them is by flashing light or torch just an hour before dawn so that they can be easily scrutinized and brought down from their hiding places. With human civilization cycle, bed bugs have managed to develop new ways of traveling as well. They are one of the best parasites in modern age and also one of the lethal enemies of humans and blood suckers of all time.

Bed Bugs 101:

Cimicidae or as we know them, Bed Bugs, are those small parasitic insects whom like to snuggle up with us in bed. And to make matters worse, bed bugs feed exclusively on the blood of warmblooded animals, including humans.  At one time in the developed world, by the early 1940′s these bugs were no longer common, however, they have been on the increase since 1995 with some believing that this is due to increased foreign travel, resistances to pesticides and even the exchange of second-hand furniture.  Whatever the reason for their increase, bed bugs are despicable little bugs that needs to be completely eradicated.

What do Bed Bugs Look Like?

The adult bugs are light brown to reddish-brown, flattened, oval shaped with front wings.  Adults are about 4 to 5 mm in length and 1.5 to 3mm wide. The newly hatched bed bugs, called nymphs, are translucent at birth, becoming browner as they age.  They are able to communicate effectively regarding nesting locations, reproduction and feeding.  They have a great survival rate when exposed to very cold temperatures and go into a semi-hibernation.  They do die when exposed to temperatures of minus 26F for extended periods over 15 minutes and when exposed to high temperatures of 115F, dying within 7 minutes.

Feeding Habits of Bed Bugs

These bugs are bloodsucking insects and use a host of preys as their feeding source and are attracted by carbon dioxide, warmth and certain chemicals.  Bed bugs pierce the skin of their host, cutting a path through tissue to reach the blood vessels and feeds by sucking for about 3 to 10 minutes.  It takes about 5 to 10 minutes for this bug to become completely engorged with blood, and they attempt to feed every 5 to 10 days. Bed bugs can live without any feeding for a year.

Health Issues Arising from Bed Bugs

The main problem with these bugs, is that they feed upon us, mostly at night in our beds completely unbeknown to us. We discover we’ve been a meal the morning after.  As for health concerns, some that have been reported are:

  • Skin rashes
  • Itchiness
  • Localized swelling
  • Blister around bites
  • Allergic symptoms
  • Rare psychological effects.

Diagnosis is usually determined on finding the actual bugs.  At this time, it is not known as to any long-term health problems arising from the bites of bed bugs.

Bed Bugs Infestation Detection and Prevention

Usually nocturnal, they like to hide in dark places with eggs located in fabric seams.  Besides the bites, they an be noticed by fecal spots, blood smears on sheets and molts.  Bed bugs are often found in our beds, sofas or couches and even luggage, vehicles and clothing.  If you have pets, bed bugs may be in their beddings, as well.  The most effective detection is the use of bed bug detection dogs whom have an accuracy rate of 97.5% and they can locate an infestation within minutes where a pest control specialist may need hours.  The females can lay about 300 eggs, with a fresh batch hatching every 10 days, so prevention is to eventually kill and than watch very closely for further signs. A high standard of hygiene will be necessary to ensure any new outbreaks are destroyed quickly.  Steam clean carpets and throw out old clothing, blankets that may been exposed to bugs.   If traveling, take care to ensure that you do not bring any home and laundry these clothes separately in very hot water.

Bed Bug Extermination Methods

Killing Bed Bugs With Pesticides

Most forms of eradication will require a combination of pesticides and non-pesticides practices. The major pesticides used and found to be effective are pyrethroids, dichlorvos and malathion.  The problem is that many bedbugs are becoming resistant to pesticides.  It requires persistence to kill an infestation, and more than one treatment maybe required.

Killing Bed Bugs With Natural Methods

With the resistance to pesticides and some individuals concerns with using pesticides, non-pesticide practices include vacuuming the bugs, heat-treating by throwing them in hot water, and even wrapping mattresses in special bags.  Others have resorted to taking their mattresses out in extreme cold and leaving out for several days to really freeze them well.

Some suggest pulling beds away from walls, ensuring bedding does not touch the floor, put legs of the bed frame in dishes containing mineral oil to stop bed bugs from climbing into beds.   Some have found the use of black pepper, black cohost, henna, turpentine to be somewhat effective.  There are also other bugs that are predators to these bugs, such as ants, spiders, mites and centipedes, however biological pest control is not recommended in one’s home.

Can bed bugs be dangerous?

Bed bugs are not dangerous. But their bites are very annoying and can cause skin rashes and irritations. .  If you have bed bugs the problem will increase if you do not do anything to remove them.  Each bed bug can usually lay 4-5 eggs per day and that can quickly multiply into a large infestation.  So it is a good idea to eradicate them quickly.  If you are not sure whether you have a bed bug infestation, our bed bugs dog service can detect and exterminate them for you.

The recent outbreaks of bed bugs in the United States are mostly due to the banning of certain extermination chemicals that were very effective in eliminating these insects in the past.  Since then, these insects have also developed immunity to the pesticides that are available in the market, thus making them very difficult to kill.  If you have an infestation of bed bugs it is a good idea to call us, we utilize bed bugs dogs that are professionally trained and experienced in eliminating this plague.

How did they get into my house?

Some people wonder how they got a bed bugs infestation.  There are some common ways of getting an infestation:

1) If you live in an apartment, a bed bugs infestation can occur when they live or crawl between the walls. So if your neighbor has them, then you probably do as well.

2) If you have traveled recently or frequently, many hotels have bed bugs infestations. This is more likely with travel outside the country. Bed bugs will transport themselves in your luggage to your home.  Only one bed bug is needed to start an infestation.

3) On your clothing, although this is rare, you could bring them into your house in this manner.

4) Used clothing or furniture.  If you purchase used furniture or used clothing sometimes there could be bed bugs in them.  This is a fairly common method of bringing a bed bugs problem into your home.

5) Where you work, if you regularly visit other people’s homes you could very easily bring bed bugs back with you.

Now obsolete pesticides.

Bed bugs are elusive, parasitic insects that feed on blood (human or animal) to survive. They carry the distinction as being one of the few insect species in the world to require feeding on blood to survive, next to their relatives such as bat bugs, swallow bugs and of course, mosquitoes.

Once thought to be eradicated in the 1950s in the post World War 2 era (due to the chemical pesticide DDT and its potency in killing the bugs), the bugs have become resurgent in recent years to near epidemic proportions. Many in the scientific community attribute the rise in bed bug populations to the ban of DDT (the chemical is thought to be harmful to humans and pets), as well as a natural resiliency or tolerance that was developed into the bed bug morphology.

Bed bug adult and nymph (baby)

An extremely resilient pest, bed bugs are paper-thin and thus are able to hide in virtually any crack or crevice in any sort of inhabitable structure (homes, offices, stores, etc.). Bed bugs have nothing to do with personal hygiene (a very common misconception) and do not discriminate on hosts. Due to their elusive nature and ability to forgo blood meals, bed bugs are one of the toughest pests to get rid of and because of this, a new epidemic (or even pandemic) is looking very likely. Navigate further through the site to learn more about these pests, what you can do and more.