There have been continuous efforts to introduce several techniques to control the bedbug infestation. These methods range from being simple to complex treatments. However, there is no consistent single technique to wipe out the bed bugs since these parasitic insects develop immunity to a specific removal method. Combination of strategies often helps in killing bedbugs and its eggs.
Techniques to kill bed bugs
Few techniques used to restrain the bedbug infestations are –
- Caulking: Other than the mattress and corners of furniture, crevices, cracks and holes are some of the favorite hideouts of bedbugs. Sealing all the opening with caulking prevents the bedbugs from building its nest. There are various types of applications available and the constituents of each application vary.
- Fumigation: Fumigation is one of the last resort methods that is considered when the infestation has gone out of control attacking several floors of the building. It involves complete evacuation of the building and treating the houses with Vikane gas (high concentration). This is time-consuming as well as one of the most expensive approaches in the fight against bedbugs. This treatment method can eliminate the bugs with utmost certainty.
- Heat treatment: Heat treatment method comprises of heating the entire house to extremely high temperatures (beyond 113 degrees Fahrenheit). Bedbugs are eliminated with exposure to intense heat. However, this leads to damage of house contents that cannot withstand ultra-high temperature settings.
- Cold treatment: Similarly, exposing the bedbugs to very low temperature (below 0 degree centigrade or 32 degrees Fahrenheit) also kills the bed bugs. For maximum effect of the treatment, the temperature is maintained at very low levels for nearly two weeks. However, raising or lowering the room temperature does not ascertain complete wipeout of bedbugs.
- Insecticides/Pesticides: Residual spot treatment techniques kill the bed bugs in crevices and cracks found on the walls. The wet state of chemical pesticides in the application kills the bedbugs. Additionally, the treatment leaves a residue in the dry state, which is effective in killing the bed bugs. The insecticide is usually sprayed in the area of infestation. Studies show the increased resistance of bedbugs to insecticides is lowering its efficacy. Dust powder and microencapsulated insecticides are some of the variations that seem to have considerable effect in killing the bedbugs. Microencapsulated pesticides are tiny plastic capsules, which contains dry and liquid pesticide components. The capsules are mixed in water before it is sprayed on the infested site. The capsule subsequently releases the pesticide to kill the bedbugs.
- Other techniques: Alternative treatments include, steam treatment and controlled atmosphere.
- Steam treatment: Dry steam treatment in conjunction with pesticides is one of the effective treatments to kill bed bugs. Release of high temperature using a dry steam machine kills bed bugs as well as eggs.
- Controlled atmosphere: Studies and experiments also show that exposure of bed bugs to undiluted carbon-di-oxide have a considerable impact on the blood-sucking parasites.
- Dry Ice treatment: This method freezes and kills the bed bugs with dry ice and carbon-di-oxide.
Unfortunately, bed bug infestation is way too common in the United States. Many people are constantly traveling around the country with the creepy crawlers unknowingly on their clothing and shoes. People are finding business, restaurants, movie theaters and homes overrun by bed bugs. Bed bug infestation is now as common as termites and roaches.
You can find pesticides that can treat an infested sofa or mattress. You will need to consider the risk of an allergic reaction to the products. Naturally, you want something that will stop bed bugs right in their tracks. Most exterminators will recommend that you discard your infected property. The main focus must be on how to kill bed bugs and prevent re- infestation.
Once you spot bed bugs in your home or business you will need to get to work immediately. Infestation can easily spiral out of control, as females can lay over 200 eggs in less than one year. How to kill bed bugs by seeking out their normal hiding places. It is very common for bed bugs to be attracted to your home if there are a lot of birds and rodents hanging around outside. Many bed bugs will enter your open through an open window on the first floor.
Once you check in a hotel room, look at the mattress, baseboard and behind pictures on the wall for bed bugs. Many people don’t think twice to check out their hotel rooms. Unfortunately, the bed bugs can work their way into the luggage. Now you find yourself dealing with an unwanted problem at home.
Strip the bed completely down and place the sheets, comforter, pillowcases and bed skirts in very hot soapy water. This will kill bed bugs on contact. You should start the process of killing bed bugs by using a canister vacuum cleaner with an attached hose. Try to vacuum as many as possible, once you are done empty the bag outside of the home. Place the trash bag filled with bed bugs away from your home.
You must disrupt bed bugs in their common hiding places such as the box springs, holes in wooden headboards, dark corners around the box spring and any crevices. If you want to use pesticide, purchase a fogger or insecticide dust for carpets. Just follow the instructions on the insecticide label. You should treat all sleeping areas in the home even if you did not see any signs of bed bugs in other rooms.
If you want to know how to kill bed bugs, use your freezer as a weapon. Bed bugs cannot survive in temperatures below 32 degree. Place you clothes, sheets and even plush children toys in a plastic bag, then put it in the freezer for 6 hours. This will kill all of the bed bugs. If it’s a cold day out, leave the window open in the bedroom. You can also kill bed bugs in temperatures exceeding 90 degrees. This takes getting the room hot with full sunlight shining through the windows. Place the children toys outside in direct sunlight in temperatures over 90 degrees.
Most bed bug can live for several months without feeding on a host. Just keep laundering your clothes, vacuuming on a regular basis, use the pesticides and your freezer to kill bed bugs. Remain diligent in eliminating the pests from your home and soon they will be gone permanently.
Ask the Expert: How to Kill Bed Bugs Safely and Effectively
Bed bugs are becoming a huge problem all across America. In the boroughs of NYC alone, reports of bed bug infestations rose almost 50% in 2010 alone. This has led more and more people to attempt to tackle bed bugs themselves, instead of calling on an exterminator.
Our Bed Bug Expert says that there are advantages to this; but there are also risks homeowners and renters need to be aware of:
How to kill bed bugs safely and effectively, It’s important to read the label of the pesticides you’re using.
Home bed bug treatment can be effective – if carried out properly
“People who try to deal with bed bugs themselves could be putting themselves in harms way,” said the resident Bed Bug Expert, at allBedBugs.com “You need to know what you are using, and how.”
“It’s really important to read the label, because it’s your guide to using pesticides safely and effectively. It contains all the pertinent information that you should know and understand before you use a pesticide product.”
“For example, we’ve heard of some folks who’ve tried to tackle a bed bug infestation with a general bug killer that they picked up from a home supplies store.”
“Not only was that bug killer not designed specifically for bed bugs, but it was actually labeled “not for indoor use” and could be dangerous, or deadly, if used inside.”
“Another story we heard about involved a woman buying a bed bug killer from a department store to use on her baby’s mattress at home. She didn’t read the label, which specifically said NOT to use the spray on bedding or clothes; and she was spraying the mattress of a tiny infant.”
“Other people have gone the other extreme. They’ve bought bed bug killing products, but not read the label about how to use them effectively. They just sprayed them into the air like an air freshener – and then complained that they didn’t work!”
Reading the label is important; but so is being proactive about which bed bug products you eventually decide to choose.
“If you’re worried about the sort of chemicals you are exposing yourself and your family to, write down the ingredients and Google each individual one before you purchase the product.” The Bed Bug Expert recommends. “Even in a small field of products, like bed bug killers, there’s enormous choice in what you decide to use.”
“Our Nature’s Response products, for example, use only food-grade ingredients to immobilize and kill bed bugs. This means you can spray them throughout the house – even on mattresses and cushions – without exposing your family or pets to synthetic chemicals or harmful ingredients.”
Homeowners are turning to organic pesticides to tackle their bed bug problem.
Increasingly, homeowners are choosing to tackle bed bug infestations themselves
“But even our products are only effective if you read the label. For example, spraying them around like air freshener is not going to work effectively.
You need to spray Nature’s Response Bed Bug Killer throughout every room – in every crack, crevice and mattress seam. Even behind pictures hanging on the wall, and on the carpet.”
“If you follow the instructions provided, you’ll get the results promised. There’s nothing difficult or complicated about getting rid of bed bugs on your own; but you have to take responsibility for doing the job properly.”